Circuit Technology Center

2.4.1 Coating Replacement, Solder Mask

This method is used to replace solder masks or coatings on circuit boards. Most replacement coatings can be applied by dipping, brushing, or spraying.

Minimum Skill Level - Intermediate
Recommended for technicians with skills in basic soldering and component rework, but may be inexperienced in general repair/rework procedures.

Conformance Level - High
This procedure most closely duplicates the physical characteristics of the original, and most probably complies with all the functional, environmental and serviceability factors.

Acceptability References
IPC-A-600 2.0 Externally Observable Characteristics
IPC-A-610 10.0 Laminate Conditions
Procedure References
1.0 Foreword
2.1 Handling Electronic Assemblies
2.2 Cleaning
2.3.1 Coating Removal, Identification Of Coatings
2.4.2 Coating Replacement, Conformal Coatings/Encapsulants
2.5 Baking and Preheating
2.7 Epoxy Mixing and Handling
IPC7721 2.4.1 Coating Replacement, Solder Resist
Tools and Materials
General purpose cleaner for removing contamination.
Cleaning Brushes
Disposable brushes for use with solvents for cleaning and application of coatings.
Replacement soldermask and conformal coatings.
Color Agents
Use to tint the color of epoxy used for solder mask repair or circuit base board repair.
Circuit Bond Epoxy
Clear, superior strength epoxy in two-compartment plastic packages.
Foam Swab
Ideal for absorbing cleaning solvents, and applying color agents and epoxies.
Precision microscope with stand and lighting for work and inspection.
General purpose oven for drying, baking and curing epoxies.
Nonabrasive, low-linting wipes for cleanup.
Images and Figures
2.4.1 Coating Replacement, Solder Mask
Soldermask Required At Outlined Area
2.4.1 Coating Replacement, Solder Mask
Figure 1: For large surfaces, apply the replacement coating with a foam swab to create a texture.
  1. Clean the area.
    Caution: Surfaces to be coated must be thoroughly cleaned prior to coating to ensure adequate adhesion, minimized corrosion, and optimized electrical properties.
  2. If needed, apply High-Temperature Tape to outline the area where the solder mask will be applied.
  3. Mix the epoxy or replacement coating. If desired, add a color agent to the mixed epoxy to match the circuit board color.
  4. Apply the replacement coating to the board surface as required. A brush or foam swab may be used to apply and spread the epoxy or replacement coating. (See Figure 1)
  5. Cure the epoxy per Procedure 2.7 Epoxy Mixing and Handling.
    Caution: Some components may be sensitive to high temperatures.
  1. Visual examination for texture, color match, adhesion, and coverage.
  2. Electrical tests to conductors around the repaired area as applicable.
Procedure for reference only.